SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN


SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, state of Germany. In the 17th century Danish kings, rulers of the dual duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, invited Sephardi merchants to settle there, and communities were founded in glueckstadt , Rendsburg, Friedrichstadt, and altona , which became the seat of the rabbinate and the leading community. While the other communities gradually declined economically, Altona prospered and attracted German Jews, who were permitted to settle in these cities and enjoyed special privileges despite the opposition of the Sephardim. On March 29, 1814, the Jews in Denmark were granted emancipation, but this was abolished at the Congress of vienna by a decision which applied to the lands of the German Confederation. Jewish equality was championed by S.L. Steinheim and gabriel riesser . It was advocated in a series of petitions to the conservative provincial estates, and favored by King Christian VIII. Equality was temporarily obtained during the 1848–49 revolution, proclaimed by the parliament of the revolutionary duchies in which Jews participated; during the revolution Jews first settled in kiel . On July 14, 1863, a law granting complete emancipation was enacted. A year later the duchies were detached from Denmark and passed to Prussia in 1866. The Jewish population numbered 3,674 in 1835 (2,014 in Altona; 188 in Glueckstadt; 292 in Rendsburg; and 373 in Friedrichstadt, where they were 17% of the population). The figures were about 6,000 in 1925, with 5,000 in Altona, 600 in the new community of Kiel, and the remainder divided among the other dwindling communities; Altona was incorporated into Hamburg in 1937. Rudolf Katz (d. 1961) was minister of justice of the state of Schleswig-Holstein in 1960, when there were 107 Jews in Kiel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Victor, Die Emanzipation der Juden in Schleswig-Holstein (1913); Jahrbuch fuer die juedischen Gemeinden Schleswig-Holstein und der Hansestaedte (1929–38); A. Linnvald, in: Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fuer Schleswig-Holsteinsche Geschichte, 57 (1928), 299–364; H. Kellenbenz, Sephardim an der unteren Elbe (1958).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (hierzu Karte »Schleswig Holstein«), preuß. Provinz zwischen der Nord und Ostsee, ist gebildet aus den bis 1864 zu Dänemark gehörigen Herzogtümern Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg, von denen die beiden erstern Österreich im Prager Frieden (23.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schleswig-holstein — Bundesland Schleswig Holstein (Schleswig Holstein) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN — SCHLESWIG HOLSTEI Le Schleswig Holstein constitue l’un des Länder de la république fédérale d’Allemagne. Situé entre l’Elbe, qui le sépare du Land de Basse Saxe, et la frontière du Danemark au nord, il est baigné à l’ouest par la mer du Nord et à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Schleswig Holstein, preuß. Provinz [Karte: Nordwestdeutschland I, bei Hannover], gebildet aus den bis 1864 zu Dänemark gehörigen Hzgt. Schleswig, Holstein und (seit 1876) Lauenburg einschließlich Helgoland, 19.004 qkm, (1900) 1.387.968 (1905:… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schleswig-Holstein — es uno de los 16 Estados federados de Alemania. * * * ► Estado del N de Alemania, en la parte S de Jutlandia; 15 727 km2 y 2 626 127 h. Cap., Kiel. Patatas, trigo y forrajes. Bovinos y porcinos. Pesca. Sal. Astilleros, fundiciones de hierro,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Schleswig Holstein …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (Slesvig Holsten) er den nordligste tyske stat, og grænser til Danmark i nord, Nordsøen i vest, Østersøen og Mecklenburg Vorpommern i øst og Niedersachsen og Hamburg i syd. Historisk omfattede Schleswig Holstein også Sønderjyllands amt. Idag har… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Schleswig-Holstein — (izg. šlèzvih hòlštajn) m DEFINICIJA geogr. njemačka pokrajina u J dijelu poluotoka Jyllanda, 15.728 km2, 2.648.500 stan., glavni grad Kiel …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Schleswig-Holstein — [schles wighōl′stīn; ] Ger [, schles wighō̂l′shtīn] state of N Germany: 6,077 sq mi (15,739 sq km); pop. 2,708,000; cap. Kiel …   English World dictionary

  • Schleswig-Holstein — Infobox German Bundesland Name = Schleswig Holstein state coa = Coat of arms of Schleswig Holstein.svg flag2 = Flag of Schleswig Holstein (state).svg capital = Kiel area = 15763.18 area source = population = 2837021 pop ref = [cite web… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.